Understanding Concussions and Brain Injury

A concussion is a traumatic brain injury caused by a bump or blow to the head or body that causes the brain to quickly move and forth inside the skull, altering the way it functions. Mild concussions to severe concussions can also occur when the head and upper body are violently shaken; they can even sometimes cause loss of consciousness.

In most people, symptoms of concussion are temporary, but problems can take the form of headache, loss of concentration or memory, impaired judgment, or loss of balance and coordination. Fortunately, most concussions are mild, and people usually recover fully. But every concussive injury hurts your brain to some extent – and just like a bone or muscle injury, the brain needs time to rest and heal.

Adults and children who play contact sports (such as football) are most likely to experience concussion symptoms. Sports-related concussions pose serious risks without proper medical treatment. It’s important to get help at the first sign of a possible concussion.

Signs of a Concussion

  • Dazed or stunned appearance
  • Can't recall events before or after the hit or fall
  • Answer questions slowly
  • Behaves in a clumsy manner
  • Confused about assignment or position
  • Forgets game plays or routines
  • Unsure of game, score or other team
  • Change in behavior or personality
  • Loses consciousness (is no longer awake and aware)

Symptoms of a Concussion

  • Headache or pressure in the head
  • Upset stomach or throwing up
  • Loss of balance
  • Dizziness
  • Blurry or double vision
  • Sensitive to light or sound
  • Confusion
  • Feeling sluggish, hazy, or groggy
  • Difficulty with memory
  • Doesn't "feel right"
  • Grouchy

Care for a Concussion

Rest and time are usually the best remedies for a concussion. Our concussion team at Kona Family Health Center will help you decide the best treatment and help the healing process move along as smoothly as possible.

  • Rest and plenty of sleep
  • Medical evaluation and approval prior to returning to sports or physical activities
  • A slow return to the gym or the field

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